The U.S.-led “shadow war” in Africa has been ramped up in recent years, leading to widespread abuses and questions about the relevance of contemporary counterterrorism efforts.
Toko was born in Japan and grew up in Vancouver, BC. In 2020, she obtained a B.A. in International Relations from the University of British Columbia. With a passion for writing, world issues, and political theory, her research focuses on human rights issues, underreported stories and the complexities of the world today. Toko has an interest in languages; she speaks Japanese and French and hopes to develop her Spanish. She aspires to pursue a career in journalism or policy analysis.
On January 11th, 2021, former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that Cuba has been returned to the U.S. State Sponsors of Terrorism list for “repeatedly providing support for acts of international terrorism in granting safe harbor to terrorists.” Cuba was first placed on the list in 1982 by the
Introduction In western media, the island nation of Japan is often portrayed as homogeneous, a country that shares a common language and culture. There has also been a lack of discussion of racial and ethnic discrimination within Japan in international news, namely the systematic discrimination of Korean people. As with
The current situation in North Korea has been labelled by Care International as a “forgotten crisis,” meaning it is rarely covered by media outlets. This may be confusing, as the North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un is often in the news — especially when there is speculation surrounding his looming nuclear
In Western Africa, exporting cocoa is a major business. Currently, Western African countries such as Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria and Cameroon are responsible for 70% of the world’s total cocoa bean production. In particular, Ghana is the second-largest global exporter of cocoa, behind Côte d’Ivoire. There has been much discussion
This November, Brazil held municipal elections across the country that decided city councillors and mayors in over 5000 cities, including São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Data shows that these 2020 municipal elections saw an increase in more socially diverse candidates. Analysts claim that Brazilians are shifting away from President
The Prime Minister of Japan, Yoshihide Suga, has pledged to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The climate goal puts Japan in line with the European Union and the UK’s climate objectives. Japan’s pledge comes one month after China’s announcement that they will achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. The proximity of
On October 22nd, 2020 Poland’s top court imposed a ruling which bans almost all abortions, even in the case of fetal deformities. The court’s decision, which cannot be appealed, will have a significant impact on reproductive rights in Poland. This ruling is a result of the degradation of Polish democracy
A recent report released by PEN America found that an increasing number of Hollywood films are “voluntarily” censored to appease the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The report highlights China’s expansive market and billion dollar revenue stream as a key factor in this decision making. The normalization of censorship in media
The fight against gender-based violence and femicides in Mexico culminated on September 12th, 2020 when activists occupied and later set fire to the Mexican Human Rights Commission Offices in Mexico City. Their outcry for justice stemmed from a brutal history of gender-based violence throughout the country. Mexican President Andrés Manuel